This analysis of progress is based on a review of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs), 5th National Reports and Nationally Determined Contributions under the UNFCCC. Specific elements relevant to the planning and implementation of efforts in pursuit of Targets 5 and 15 were listed and screened for in each party's submissions, under four categories:
Assessment of state and trends of natural ecosystems
Specific, Measurable and Time-bound national target-setting under Aichi Biodiversity Targets 5 and 15
Assessment of drivers and policy response
Linkages with climate change mitigation and adaptation
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