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A companion to the Short Term Action Plan on Ecosystem Restoration


Resources, case studies, and biodiversity considerations in the context of restoration science and practice

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This text is extracted from Annex I of CBD COP Decision XIII/5: Ecosystem restoration: short-term action plan.

In order to facilitate the implementation of ecosystem restoration actions, the further development of the enabling institutional framework for ecosystem restoration should be considered. This includes providing legal, economic and social incentives, and appropriate planning mechanisms, and fostering cross-sectoral collaboration, to promote restoration and for reducing ecosystem degradation. This work may be informed by the assessments undertaken in step A, and, especially A5, and could be undertaken in parallel with the planning and implementation activities undertaken in step C. The following actions may be considered, and undertaken as appropriate:


Improving the institutional enabling environment for ecosystem restoration

Download the considerations from Restoration Science and Practice for Group B

Review, improve or establish legal, policy and financial frameworks for the restoration of ecosystems. This may include, as appropriate, laws, regulations, policies and other requirements for protecting and restoring habitats, as well as improving ecosystem functions. It may require a certain proportion of land, coast or sea to be maintained in its natural state.


Review, improve or establish a legal and policy framework for land tenure, and for recognizing the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.


Consult relevant resources for activity B2

Promote and strengthen formal and informal education systems at all levels by including content related to ecosystem restoration, and raise awareness about the benefits of ecosystem restoration for the economy and the well-being of society, including through the dissemination of scientifically sound information.


Consult relevant resources for activity B3

Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes and zoning activities in the framework of integrated management.


Consult relevant resources for activity B4

Consider the need for safeguard measures to reduce risks of displacing habitat loss and degradation as well as other risks to biodiversity and indigenous peoples and local communities (see Principles and appendix I).


Consult relevant resources for activity B5

Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration. These activities would normally be reflected in national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and/or national plans for sustainable development, climate change mitigation and adaptation and land management. Setting targets can demonstrate political commitment and help to increase public awareness, support and engagement. Existing targets established under other relevant processes may also be taken into account.


Consult relevant resources for activity B6

Develop accounting processes that take into account the values of natural land, semi-natural, ecosystems, and of the functions and services they deliver.


Consult relevant resources for activity B7

Promote economic and financial incentives and eliminate, phase out or reform incentives harmful to biodiversity in order to reduce the drivers of ecosystem loss and degradation, and to foster ecosystem restoration, including through sustainable productive activities.


Consult relevant resources for activity B8

Develop plans for resource mobilization. Create a framework for mobilizing resources to support ecosystem restoration, from national, bilateral and multilateral sources, such as the Global Environment Facility, leveraging national budgets, donors and partners, including the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities and non-governmental organizations, to implement the action plans and to fill gaps identified through assessments in step A. Public funds and instruments can be used to leverage private funding through such methods as, inter alia, risk guarantees, payment for ecosystem services, green bonds, and other innovative financial approaches.


Consult relevant resources for activity B9

Promote and support capacity-building and training and technology transfer for the planning, implementation and monitoring of ecosystem restoration so as to improve the effectiveness of restoration programmes.


Consult relevant resources for activity B10

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